They are not delirious Quijotes or knights-errant who attack windmills since their objective is not the search for justice or the freedom sought by Don Quijote.
Nationalism, on the other hand, has been an essential part in both World Wars, feeding on the most dangerous form of human passion. Its objective is the domination and colonisation of their neighbours trying to impose themselves by the right conferred by natural superiority over the different; whom they consider inferior.
This type of ideology turns out to be some problematic cancer to battle since, like religions, it is nourished by the most profound and most ancestral atavistic feelings of the human being. Therefore both can rise from their ashes like a Phoenix bird.
As an example, the Orthodox religion was erased from the map by the Soviets in the USSR. The feared gulags, the genocides and mass murders, the most relentless persecutions, the political indoctrinations against religion proved themselves useless against the final resurgence of the Orthodox faith as soon as the Berlin Wall collapsed.
As simple as that: after being erased from the map, the Orthodox religion reappeared in Russia like a Phoenix bird as if nothing had ever happened. Likewise, fascism, which was defeated after the Second World War is appearing again with the resurgence of nationalism in Europe as if it had never been destroyed.
In Spain, nationalism has not only been allowed but fed and financed for forty years, especially in places as dangerous as Catalonia and the Basque Country with experience in these kinds of conflicts. The autonomies (local state-governments) have turned out to be the worst historical mistake ever imaginable.
As an example of the danger involved with the autonomies and nationalism, biologically, an organism that is at war with external elements has the opportunity to survive if it overcomes the disease; but an organism in perpetual struggle with itself is doomed to disappear: it just cannot make it.
How Spain has come to be at war with itself right now is part of a tragic chain of errors: Spain entered the dangerous slippery slope from the times of the draft of the Constitution, Professor Varela Ortega was involved in the project and suggested to Fernando Abril to retake the statutes of Catalonia and the Basque Country which had been approved during the time in the second republic.
Such a delicate issue should have been discussed with a long-term intelligent state political vision. That political insight was visibly lacking when Clavero Arévalo added a new approach: “coffee for all”, meaning to apply similar statutes throughout the country. That implied the aspiration of “placing into office” many supporters taken from their political parties. But, among others, along with all those who we can give the benefit of the doubt of an honest approach to public service, many politicians-to-be included the band of lazy buns joining in.
All those who eternally heated the seats of some colleges with the only purpose of disrupting the classes with strikes, all the professional vagrants unable to graduate, which dedicated their energies to live on their parents or international fees provided by communist parties, along with others of the same feather wanted a share of the cake. That turned out to be the happy consequence of the invention of the seventeen autonomies, so that the coffee was not for Catalonia and the Basque Country but for all: with the autonomies multiplied by seventeen (there are seventeen little states or autonomies) a series of high positions with high salaries and dreamy perks solved the lives of opportunists who would have never been able to achieve anything in their private lives.
Fernando Abril endorsed the idea to Arévalo, and Adolfo Suárez welcomed it with overflowing enthusiasm: the germ of the destruction of Spain was already sown and had a name and surnames, since an enlightened man came up with the unfortunate idea of “coffee for all”, referring to the invention of the 17 Autonomous Communities so economically costly for the citizen as unnecessary and dangerous for the unity of Spain.
Even so, nothing would have happened if they had limited themselves to approving with intellect some statutes for Catalonia and the Basque Country, whose political weight was reduced during the Republic to a tiny part compared to the one nowadays enjoyed by the autonomous communities. Not only the number political positions and the clientelism was multiplied by seventeen, but the nationalists managed to fatten the cow, exponentially, thanks to the systematic extortion that the imbalance of powers which had been transferred to the detriment of the central power.
For forty years the nationalists have dedicated themselves to the political and economic blackmail that has allowed them to yield an immense political and economic power with the status as a strong state. So nationalism has got it easy to awaken hatred on the different (one who thinks differently) by influencing the people with fascist messages of superiority concerning their neighbours, the inferior ones.
According to fascism, superiors cannot coexist with those that must be submitted by natural right. In a nutshell, the predator submits its prey or the strong survive on the weak in a diabolical interpretation of social Darwinism. Thus, a Catalan under the nationalist point of view can travel the world without having to pay anything just for the fact of being Catalan, according to a fervent nationalist acolyte.
Without ceasing to be a funny anecdote, that is, in a nutshell, the essence of nationalist sentiment. The lower one must pay allegiance to the superior in the first stages, but let us not forget that it can be destroyed at any moment only by the fact of existing. The danger of annihilation was demonstrated by the murders of Jews in the Nazi concentration camps or the killings of GRAPO and ETA. The distinction between good and evil Catalans is now clearly marked with yellow ties, but where can this lead? The intermediate step of hatred and xenophobia has long been exceeded in the highest offices of the Generalitat government, flanked at this time with a provisional mildly applied article155 (a law that limits political power). I do not want to imagine what will happen when nationalists have the power in their hands again. All the stamina of a state that will continue without control to take over even more power from the central looms large.
Nowadays, we have the feeling the central state seems to be limited to a symbolic role. As an example, the sentences of our judges are not even taken into account in Europe. No doubt, the skilful nationalist propaganda weighs more in the eyes of European governments and media.